Do you want to start carp fish farming business with small investment? Find here 8 low-cost carp fish farming business opportunities for your ready reference.
Carp are various species of oily freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae, a very large group of fish native to Europe and Asia. You can find several domestic carp fishes as food fish. Basically, these are vet tasty. The rearing of carp fish is easy. Additionally, carp fishes can survive with a wide range of environment and water quality.
Related: How to Start Fish Farming Business
Generally, you can find both domestic and foreign carp fishes for human consumption. Carp fishes don’t fight about food. They stay at different water levels and eat the food of different levels. Therefore, it allows you to go for mixed farming. You can keep different carp fish stocks in the same pond or reservoir.
List of 8 Profitable Carp Fish Farming Business Ideas
#1. Catla Catla, or Katla
Katla grows very fast. The taste of Katla is delicious. Additionally, it is a suitable fish breed for farming in a freshwater pond. Katla fish is very hardy and grows faster compared to other fish species. Basically, the fish is popular in the Asia Pacific countries. Commercial Katla fish farming is very profitable for both small and large-scale farmers.
#2. Cirrhinus cirrhosis, or mrigal
This is another popular carp fish in Asian countries. Basically, India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Thailand, Philippines are the major Mrigal growing countries. Usually, Mrigal fishes gain maturity at their 2 years of age. A female Mrigal contains about 0.1-0.5 millions of eggs.
#3. Cyprinus carpio or Common Carp
Basically, common carp fishes live in large rivers and lakes. However, these fishes are very suitable for farming with other species of carp fish in the pond. You can find several breeds of common carp. Among them, mirror carp and Carpio are the most popular breeds.
#4. Ctenopharyngodon Idella or Grass Carp
Basically, Grass carp is a native Chinese freshwater fish. The fish is popular as white amur in the United States. It inhabits lakes, rivers, and reservoirs. It is a basically herbivorous fish that naturally feeds on certain aquatic weeds. Flowing water and changes in water level are essential environmental stimuli for natural spawning. The fish can reach sexual maturity under culture conditions, but cannot spawn naturally.
#5. Hypophthalmichthys Nobilis or Bighead carp
The bighead carp has a large, scaleless head, a largemouth, and eyes located very low on the head. Basically, the fish has a very fast growth rate. Therefore, the fish is suitable for commercial aquaculture. Some of the major bighead carp producing countries are China, Taiwan Province of China, the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Nepal, Malaysia, USA, and Myanmar
#6. Hypophthalmichthys Molitrix or Silver Carp
Silver carp are the very suitable fish breed for commercial fish farming and grow very fast. Additionally, this is a freshwater fish. It is a very suitable fish for polyculture with other carp fish. It is generally a fish in Southeast Asia. However, these days you can find this fish throughout the world. Silver carp fish lives in the upper level of water. Generally, they eat feed from the upper water level.
#7. Labeo Calbasu or Orange-fin Labeo or Kalibaus
Basically, Kalibaus is a very tasty, delicious, and nutritious fish for human consumption. You can find the distribution is countries like Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, and South Western China. It is an important carp species next to the three Indian major carps. This species attains a maximum length of 90.0 cm and a maximum weight of 25 kg.
#8. Labeo Rohita or the rohu (Rui)
Rohu is the most farmed freshwater carp fish species. Among the species of carp fish, the appreciation of Rui fish is maximum. It is very tasty and delicious. Rohu is very popular in the Asia Pacific region including India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Pakistan.
Generally, rohu reaches physical maturity at the age of 3 years. Generally, you can start harvesting when a fish gets the bodyweight up to 500 to 700 gms. However, the fish with a bodyweight of 1 to 2 kg has a huge demand in the market.