Do you want to start a nylon production business? If so, find here a stepwise business plan guide on starting a nylon production manufacturing company with the production process, licenses, permits, machinery, etc.
The nylon production business is perfect for those who have technical skills and knowledge about the production process and market. Nylon is considered a synthetic polymer (PE Films) and refers to a segment of polymers called linear polyamides.
Globally, nylon demand is expected to increase from 2.3 percent to 3.5 percent from 2013-18. Nylon is more popular as the fiber used in the manufacturing of carpets and stockings. However, a significant part of global nylon production is utilized in the production of engineering polymers.
Nylon Production Manufacturing Plan Guide for Beginners
1. Market Opportunity For Nylon
Some of the major products where nylon is used as a potential raw material are blouses, dresses, foundation garments, hosiery, lingerie, underwear, raincoats, ski apparel, windbreakers, swimwear, cyclewear, home furnishings, Bedspreads, carpets, curtains, upholstery, etc.
Apart from these nylon has very potential industrial applications also. Such as tire cords, hoses, conveyor and seat belts, parachutes, racket strings, ropes and nets, sleeping bags, tarpaulins, tents, thread, monofilament fishing line, dental floss, and packaging industry. The demand for nylon fiber is ever-increasing and initiating a nylon production business is a profitable small-scale manufacturing opportunity worldwide.
2. Learn the Characteristics of Nylon
Some of the beneficial characteristics of nylon fiber are actually responsible for making nylon so popular and effective raw material in a wide range of industries.
- Exceptionally strong
- Easy to wash
- Resistant to damage from oil and many chemicals
- Can be pre-colored or dyed in a wide range of colors
- Melts instead of burning
- Transparent to infrared light (−12 dB)
- Low moisture absorbency
- Filament yarns provide smooth, soft, long-lasting fabrics
- Spun yarns lend fabrics lightweight and warmth
3. Create a Nylon Production Business Plan
In starting a nylon production business, creating a comprehensive business plan is mandatory. A well-written business plan will help you in getting finance and in day-to-day business operations. First, you must make the decision about what specific quality of nylon you will going to produce.
Before taking the decision, doing intensive market research is advisable. You will need to determine the manufacturing process, required machinery, raw material, staffing, and marketing plan. These will help you in getting a feasibility study about the business, and figuring out how much startup capital you actually need including fixed and working capital.
4. Select a Proper Location for Nylon Production Manufacturing Unit
In initiating a nylon production company, selecting the right location for manufacturing activity is important. First, check the license and permissions that are needed from the Government Authority of your location.
Select a place that allows you to get smooth processing of licensing factors such as factory permission and pollution no objection (if required). Commercial electricity is also required. It is always recommended to select a place within the industrial zone.
5. Machinery & Raw Materials
In initiating a small-scale nylon production unit, you can go for a semi-automatic process. The main required machinery is an extruder, blower, cutting machine, punching machine, and sealing machine. According to your specific requirement with the desired production output, you can start manufacturing with locally fabricated machines. As your business grows, you can convert your manufacturing operation to a fully automatic mode.
Major raw materials for nylon production are bye products of petrochemical processing that are obtained from refineries. These main raw materials are polythene and polyethylene. Other basic petrochemical products from which nylon is made include Escorene, Lupine, Dow, B.A.S.F., etc.
6. Nylon Production Process
There are two common methods of making nylon for fiber applications. One method is, that molecules with an acid (COOH) group on each end are reacted with molecules containing amine (NH2) groups on each end. The resulting nylon is named on the basis of the number of carbon atoms separating the two acid groups and the two amines.
Thus nylon 6,6 which is widely used for fibers is made from adipic acid and hexamethylenediamine. The two compounds form a salt, known as nylon salt, with an exact 1:1 ratio of acid to base. This salt is then dried and heated under a vacuum to eliminate water and form the polymer.
In another method, a compound containing an amine at one end and an acid at the other are polymerized to form a chain with repeating units of (-NH-[CH2]n-CO-)x. If n=5, the nylon is referred to as nylon 6, another common form of this polymer. The commercial production of nylon 6 begins with caprolactam and uses a ring-opening polymerization.
In both cases, the polyamide is melt-spun and drawn after cooling to give the desired properties for each intended use. Industrial nylon production and carpet fibers begin with an aqueous solution of monomers and proceed continuously through polymerization, spinning, drawing, or draw-texturing.
Like any manufacturing initiative, the nylon production business also demands a core emphasis on design, integration, and improvement of the manufacturing system and process. As nylon production is a B2B business, networking and company promotion are important in getting success.
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